AS9120B, ISO 9001:2015, and FAA AC 0056B ACCREDITED

Common Types of Cables

Cables are an integral part of modern infrastructure, serving as the lifelines that power our devices, connect our networks, and facilitate the transfer of information. Understanding the different types of cables popularly available and their uses is essential for anyone working in a field that relies on electrical or data transmission systems, as well as for casual users. In this blog, we will explore some of the most common types of cables, including electric cables, fiber optic cables, and various cable connectors, shedding light on their unique characteristics and applications.

Versatility and Application

To begin, electric cables are ubiquitous in residential, commercial, and industrial settings. These cables are designed to transmit electrical power from one point to another, and they come in various types to suit different voltages and applications. For instance, standard electrical wiring used in homes, often referred to as a non-metallic sheathed cable, consists of insulated conductors enclosed in a plastic jacket. This type of electric cable is relatively easy to install and is typically used for wiring electrical outlets, switches, and lighting fixtures.

Industrial Electric Cables

In industrial environments, more robust electric cables are required to handle higher voltages and harsher conditions. Armored cables, which have a protective metal sheath, are commonly used in such settings to provide additional protection against mechanical damage. These cables are essential for ensuring the reliable transmission of electricity in factories, power plants, and other heavy-duty applications. Furthermore, electric cables used in industrial applications are often rated for specific temperature ranges and environmental conditions to ensure safety and durability.

Working of Fiber Optic Cables

Fiber optic cables represent a significant advancement in data transmission technology. Unlike traditional electric cables that use copper conductors to transmit electrical signals, fiber optic cables use thin strands of glass or plastic fibers to carry light signals. The core of a fiber optic cable is surrounded by a cladding layer that reflects light back into the core, ensuring that the light signals travel long distances with minimal loss. This method facilitates incredibly fast data transfer rates and is immune to electromagnetic interference, making fiber optic cables ideal for high-speed internet connections, telecommunications, and cable television services. Additionally, their lightweight and flexible nature makes them easier to install and manage compared to traditional copper cables. From connecting data centers to enabling high-definition video streaming, fiber optic cables are at the heart of modern communication networks.

Cable Connectors

Cable connectors are also crucial in the world of cabling, being used to join cables together or to connect cables to devices and ensure a secure connection. There are numerous types of cable connectors, each designed for specific applications and types of cables. For example, USB connectors are commonly used to connect devices such as keyboards, mice, and external hard drives to computers. HDMI connectors, on the other hand, are used to transmit high-definition video and audio signals between devices such as televisions, monitors, and gaming consoles. In the realm of networking, Ethernet connectors, also known as RJ45 connectors, are widely used to connect computers and other devices to local area networks (LANs) while ensuring a stable and high-speed connection. Finally, for fiber optic cables, specialized connectors such as SC, ST, and LC connectors are used to maintain the integrity of the light signals and minimize loss.

Choosing the Right Cables and Connectors

The importance of choosing the right type of cable and connector cannot be overstated. Each type of cable has specific characteristics that make it suitable for particular applications, and using the wrong cable can lead to inefficiencies, safety hazards, and connectivity issues. For instance, using an electric cable with insufficient voltage rating in an industrial setting can result in overheating and potential fire hazards. Similarly, using a low-quality fiber optic cable can lead to significant signal loss and reduced data transmission speeds. Meanwhile, using the wrong connector for a particular application will render the cable you choose effectively useless, as you cannot connect it to a system.

Maintenance and Replacement

Aside from choosing the proper cable for an application, the regular inspection and replacement of cables as necessary is essential to safeguarding both users and the system cables are being utilized in. For instance, any visible signs of wear and tear, such as frayed insulation or exposed wires, can indicate that the cable's protective barrier is compromised. This is particularly important to look out for in electric cables, where exposed wires can lead to electrical shorts or fires. Moreover, discoloration can be a sign of overheating or electrical arcing, which often happens with electric cables that are overloaded or have poor connections. For fiber optic cables in particular, a decrease in signal quality can indicate that the cable has internal damage or that the connectors are dirty or damaged. Finally, an easy tell that a cable or connector should be replaced is if intermittent connectivity or frequent disconnections occur. By adhering to industry standards and best practices for selecting, maintaining, and replacing cables, one can best ensure the reliability and safety of cabling systems.


In conclusion, cables are the unsung heroes of modern technology, providing the essential pathways for electrical power and data transmission. Regardless of what system you are setting up, having a well-rounded understanding of the various types of cables and connectors available can ensure that you make informed decisions that enhance efficiency, safety, and reliability. For fiber optic cables, electric cables, and any other type of cable or connector that you need for operations, turn to the extensive selection offered on Automated Procurement. This website serves as a one-stop shop for quality-assured components that trace back to leading manufacturers, all being readily available for procurement. Our online RFQ forms allow customers to rapidly request custom quotes on items of interest, and with our purchasing power and strong supplier relationships, we are in a position to provide highly competitive pricing and rapid lead times in response. This being said, our team is available to assist around the clock, so do not hesitate to get in touch and see how we can operate as your reliable sourcing partner.


Semiconductor's Certifications and Memberships
The only independent
distributor with a
  • All Orders are fulfilled in the U.S.A.
  • All shipments must comply with U.S.A export laws.
  • No exceptions.
Intrepid Fallen Heroes Fund

“We Proudly Support Intrepid Fallen Heroes Fund that serves United States Military Personal experiencing the Invisible Wounds of War : Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) and Post Traumatic Stress (PTS). Please visit website ( and help in their valiant effort”.

Thank You for Visiting.

We Hope that You Will Visit Us Again the Next Time You Need NSN Parts and Make Us Your Strategic Purchasing Partner.

Request for Quote

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it.